Adaptive Equipment

Adaptive equipment are devices that are used to increase a child’s function in order to complete daily tasks or participate in recreational activities. These devices can also assist caregivers provide daily support with reduced strain and facilitate mobility in the home. Physical Therapists serve as consultants when ordering adaptive equipment in the areas of mobility assistance, working closely with outside vendors as exports in a child’s positional needs.

Uses and Benefits:
  • Transportation: properly position the child with additional supports for the head, trunk, and limbs
    • Car Seats, strollers
  • Supported Seating or Seated Mobility: positioning aids to support the child in sitting, taking into consideration the child’s skin integrity, level of supports required, and active mobility needs
    • Activity chairs, wheelchairs, strollers
  • Upright Mobility: varied support to promote safe walking with the least restrictive device
    • Gait trainers, walkers, crutches, canes, mobile standers
  • Static Standers: allow patients to stand at eye level with their peers and allow for functional alignment for upper extremity activities. Standers facilitate bone health, muscle development, GI motility, and breath support.
    • Prone standers, supine standers, sit-to-stand standers, dynamic standers
  • Recreation: incorporating fun with function to promote play skills with peers
    • Bikes, tricycles, swings, pool floats, scooters
  • Bathing, toileting, hygiene: positioning devices to assist caregivers with daily hygiene needs and to promote greater independence in the bathroom
    • Toileting systems, bath and shower chairs
  • Transfers: children may require lifting and moving several times during the day so that their medical needs can be met. These devices assist caregivers move the child with the most safety for both the child and the caregiver
    • Mechanical lifts, electric hoyer lifts, portable hoyer lifts, slide boards
  • Modifications to the built environment: improving safety and independence in the home setting by modifying the surroundings
    • Grab bars, ramps, wider doorways for improved accessibility